With fall officially underway it’s time to think about what you can do to take advantage of what I think is the best season in Canada. With a little luck we’ll get sunny warm days, cool nights and no bugs.

Below you’ll find 16 of the best fall adventures and activities in Canada.

  • Hit the road or the trails in search of the best fall foliage. Where do you find that? There are fantastic colours all over the country but the best colours are seen in Ontario, Quebec and the Maritime Provinces. Some of the hot spots to visit include the Laurentians, Eastern Townships and Gatineau Hills of Quebec, Algonquin, Awenda and Mississagi Provincial Parks in Ontario, MissiCape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, the Fundy Trail, Kouchibouguac National Park and some of the river valleys like the St. John River and Miramichi River Route in New Brunswick. Don’t miss a trip to see Miscou Island in New Brunswick either. In Alberta head to Lake Louise and join the throngs hiking to the Larch Valley, located on the way to Sentinel Pass.

Read: A Complete Guide for the Best Places for Larch Viewing in Alberta

16 of the Best Fall Adventures & Activities in Canada

Don’t miss a chance to see the larches in Alberta

  • Have you always wanted to see a grizzly bear? With salmon spawning there is no better time to see grizzlies than right now. You can head to Bella Coola on the coast of BC or inland on a multi-day trip to Chilko Lake. Great Bear Lodge off the coast of Vancouver Island is also an excellent destination.

Read: A Speculator Long Weekend at Great Bear Lodge

16 of the Best Fall Adventures & Activities in Canada

Head to Great Bear Lodge off the coast of Vancouver Island for excellent grizzly bear viewing

  • Can you tell the difference between a poisonous and non-poisonous mushroom? If not why not sign up for a course and spend a day outside mushroom hunting. There are a number of Mycological Societies across Canada that offer meetings and outings. Terra Nova National Park in Newfoundland hosts a mushroom foray at the end of September. If you’d rather eat them than look for them check out the Sunshine Coast Mushroom Festival in mid-October.
"Edible or poisonous mushrooms?"

Edible or poisonous mushrooms? I have no idea.

  • Have you ever been to the Adam’s River in the Shuswap region of British Columbia? Every October you can watch thousands if not millions of sockeye salmon return to spawn on the Adam’s River. Big years are considered to be every fourth year.
"Adam's River sockeye"

Adam’s River sockeye – Photo credit: Peter Gordon on Flickr

  • Grasslands National Park in southern Saskatchewan is now a Dark Sky Preserve. This is where you can see some of the darkest skies in Canada – and what better time than at night in the fall before it’s too cold outside. Jasper National Park also puts on programs in the fall.
16 of the Best Fall Adventures & Activities in Canada

Grasslands National Park has both dark skies and some pretty fall cololurs

  • The Celtic Colours International Festival on Cape Breton Island takes every year in October. This is your chance to attend a fiddle or square dancing workshop. Listen to music including Natalie McMaster, a Cape Breton girl. Catch a Gaelic breakfast, try playing the harp or learn how to quilt. There are loads of activities for all ages.
16 of the Best Fall Adventures & Activities in Canada

Catch Natalie McMaster in concert

  • I remember my grandmother raving about her trip up the Agawa Canyon near Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario on the Algoma Central Railway. It’s a one day trip that transports you through the forests of the Canadian Shield. Fall colours are spectacular especially in the latter half of September and into the first week of October.
"Getting ready to explore the Agawa Canyon by train"

Getting ready to explore the Agawa Canyon by train – Photo credit: Joe Ross on Flickr

  • Grapes are ripening in the Okanagan so that means the Okanagan Fall Festival is just around the corner. Take a vineyard tour, eat lunch among the vines or learn about wine and food pairings.
"Grapes ripening in the Okanagan"

Grapes ripening in the Okanagan

  • The 61st annualNiagara Wine Festivaltakes place over a couple of weekends in late September. Watch the parade, catch some concerts in the vineyards and treat your palate so some amazing wine.
16 of the Best Fall Adventures & Activities in Canada

There are a lot of wineries to check out in the Niagara region

  • Beer and bratwurst are the stars – at least as far as food is concerned at the annual Oktoberfestin Kitchener-Waterloo. This is the largest Oktoberfest celebration outside of Germany.
  • If you’re a bird lover than catching one of the fall migrations is what you’ll want to do. In Ontario head for Point Pelee. On the west coast visit the Riefel Bird Sanctuarynear Vancouver. Snow geese start arriving in early October in huge numbers – between 50,000 and 100,000 birds depending on the year.
"Snow geese in flight"

Snow geese in flight at Reifel – Photo credit: Michelle Lamberson on Flickr

  • It may not feel like fall if you head to Churchill, Manitoba but if you’d like to see polar bears then mid-October to mid-November is the time to go.
16 of the Best Fall Adventures & Activities in Canada

If you can’t make it to Churchill you can see polar bears in Winnipeg’s Assiniboine Park Zoo

  • Head to northern latitudes in search of the Northern Lights. Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Fort McMurray all offer excellent viewing opportunities.

Read: Northern Lights Viewing: The Fort McMurray Experience

16 Outstanding Fall Adventures & Activities in Canada

Northern lights outside of Whitehorse

  • Go apple picking in the Annapolis Valley in Nova Scotia, in the Niagara region of Ontario or in the Eastern Townships in Quebec.
"Freshly picked apples"
  • Visit a local fall fair and search out the biggest pumpkins and squash. Or go to a farmer’s market and support the local farms.
16 of the Best Fall Adventures & Activities in Canada

How big was the biggest squash or pumpkin you’ve seen?

  • Get out for one last day in the kayak or canoe. Or go for a bike ride before the snow falls. Le Petit Train du Nord in the Laurentians is a great choice if you go late in September as you’ll bike on a converted rails to trails bed with fall colours everywhere you look.
16 of the Best Fall Adventures & Activities in Canada

Fall colours starting on Le Petit Train du Nord bike trail in the Laurentians

Do you have a favourite fall adventure in Canada you’d like to share?

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16 of the Best Fall Adventures & Activities in Canada

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