I grew up in Ottawa and looking back I feel lucky to have grown up in such a city. Ottawa offers a great mix of culture and recreation. Its home to the National Arts Center which always offers something interesting for the right side of your brain but it’s the easy access to the outdoor life where Ottawa really shines. In the winter you can skate on the Rideau Canal or cross country ski in the Gatineau. In the summer you’re never far from cottage country and the cycling is excellent. In fact it was a bike-friendly city well before it became trendy to embrace bikes.
Here are 35 fun, weird, interesting and potentially useful facts about Ottawa.
- Ottawa is the capital of Canada.
- Ottawa is the fourth largest city in Canada.
- Ottawa was originally called Bytown named for Colonel John By, the engineer who oversaw construction of the Rideau Canal. In 1855 Bytown was incorporated and became Ottawa.
- In 1857 Queen Victoria chose Ottawa to be the capital of Canada.
- The name Ottawa comes from the Algonquin word adawe – which means to trade.
- Ottawa is located on the banks of the Ottawa, Rideau and Gatineau Rivers.
- Ottawa is the seventh coldest capital in the world. Others that are colder include in order of coldest first are Ulaan-Baatar in Mongolia, Astana in Kazakhastan, Moscow, Russia, Helsinki in Finland, Reykjavik, Iceland and Tallinn in Estonia.
- In 1970-71 a record 444.1 centimetres of snow fell over the winter. The average annual snowfall in Ottawa is 236 centimetres (92.8 inches).
- The hottest day on record in Ottawa was 37.8 °C (100 °F) though humidex readings often go above 40°C.
- The lowest temperature ever recorded in Ottawa was -36.1 °C (-33°F) on February 15, 1943.
- Ottawa receives an average of 2061 hours of bright sunshine a year. Compare that to Calgary that gets 2,405 hours of sunshine per year – the highest of any major Canadian city.
- On the summer solstice the sun rises at 5:14 AM and sets at 8:54 PM. On the winter solstice the sun rises at 7:39 AM and sets at 4:23 PM.
- The metro Ottawa area population is 1,236,324. Of those, 920,000 live on the Ontario side of the river.
- About 25% of Ottawa residents were born outside of Canada.
- Nearly half the population is under the age of 35 – making it one of the youngest cities in the country.
- Ottawa is a multilingual city. Approximately 50% of people speak English, 32% French and the rest a mix of other languages including Chinese, Arabic, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese.
- There are 35 major festivals in Ottawa. The Canadian Tulip Festival, held every May, is one of the most famous.
- The Ottawa Capital region welcomes more than 7.3 million visitors annually.
- Ottawa ranks as the most educated city in the country.
- Ottawa is the fourth cleanest city out of 300 major cities ranked around the world – at least according to Forbes.
- Moneysense ranked Ottawa for the third consecutive year as the best city in Canada to live in.
- The Federal Government is the city’s largest employer.
- Ottawa is the agricultural center of eastern Ontario and has more farmland than any other city in Canada.
- Ottawa is home to over 1,800 technology companies – employing more than 76,000 people.
- Ottawa has more scientists, engineers and PhD’s per capita than any other city in Canada.
- There are five universities and two colleges in Ottawa.
- Ottawa boasts a UNESCO World heritage site – the Rideau Canal. It is the best preserved example of a slackwater canal built in North America. It remains operational along its’ original line with most of the structures from the early nineteenth century still intact.
- The Rideau Canal becomes a 7.8 kilometre (4.7 miles) skating rink as it winds its way through downtown Ottawa. Rent skates, and pick up hot drinks and beavertails along the route. One of the best times to go is during Ottawa’s annual Winterlude festival.
- Ottawa has 247 neighbourhood outdoor skating rinks.Every Sunday morning – from 9 AM until 1 PM – in the summer only, the Capital area parkways are closed to cars. You can run, walk, cycle or skate. On the Gatineau Parkways you can do the same thing from 6 AM until noon. This has been going on for as long as I can remember and well before it became trendy for cities to embrace the biking culture. All told there are now 65 kilometres of car free roads available on a Sunday morning.
- There are seven downhill ski resorts within easy driving distance of Ottawa.
- Ottawa is home to 14 National Museums – Canadian Museum of History, Canadian Children’s Museum, Canadian Postal Museum, The National Gallery of Canada, Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography, Laurier House, Royal Canadian Mint, Library and Archives Canada, Currency Museum of the Bank of Canada, Canadian Museum of Nature, Canadian War Museum, Canadian Science and Technology Museum, and the Canadian Aviation and Space Museum.
- The Canadian Museum of Civilization is the most visited museum in Canada.
- The Ottawa Little Theater is Canada’s oldest amateur theatrical group.
- Famous people from Ottawa include Paul Anka, Lorne Greene, Alanis Morissette, Dan Ankroyd, Adrienne Clarkson, Tom Green, Peter Jennings, Rich Little, Sandra Oh, Matthew Perry, Shelagh Rogers (who was head girl at Lisgar Collegiate when I was there) and even Tom Cruise – who went to my high school – but only for a while.
Have you been to Ottawa? Have you got any more facts you’d like to share?
Other posts in the fun, weird and interesting facts series you might enjoy:
- 145 Weird, Fun and Interesting Facts About Canada
- Weird and Wonderful Facts About Vancouver
- 30 Fun, Weird & Interesting Facts About Victoria
- 26 Weird, Wonderful and Useful Facts About Edmonton
- 38 Fun and Interesting Facts About Calgary
- 26 Fun, Weird and Interesting Facts About Halifax, Nova Scotia
- 50 Fun, Weird and Interesting Facts About Toronto
- 27 Fun, Interesting and Useful Facts About Quebec City
- 28 Fun, Weird and Interesting Facts About Yellowknife, NWT
- 11 National Parks in Canada You Probably Haven’t Heard of
- 10 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Quebec City
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Author of Discover Canada: 100 Inspiring Outdoor Adventures
Co-author of 125 Nature Hot Spots in Alberta
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