The Chilkoot Trail, which begins on tidewater in Alaska and climbs up over mountains in…
I’ve been to Whitehorse three times – always on the way to grand outdoor adventures. Although there are plenty of outdoor activities in the immediate vicinity of Whitehorse, beautiful Kluane National Park is an easy drive away as is Skagway, Alaska and the start of the famous Chilkoot Trail.
Should you be lucky enough to visit here are 26 fun, interesting and potentially useful facts about the city of Whitehorse in the Yukon Territory.
Whitehorse is the capital of the Yukon Territory. It is the largest city in northern Canada.
Whitehorse started off as a transportation hub during the Klondike Gold Rush in 1898.
Whitehorse became the capital of the Yukon Territory on April 1st, 1953. Previously it was Dawson City.
Whitehorse is referred to as The Wilderness City.
The city was named after the White Horse Rapids; before the river was dammed the rapids looked like the mane of a white horse.
Whitehorse is located at Mile 918 on the Alaska Highway. The closest big Canadian city is Edmonton – 1,994 kilometres away.
The Yukon River flows though the center of town. Every second year the Yukon 1000 canoe race starts from the city of Whitehorse. It finishes 1000 miles and 7-12 days later at the Dalton Highway. If you enter be prepared to paddle 18 hours a day.
According to the 2011 Census Whitehorse has a population of 26,028 people. About 75% of the Yukon population lives in Whitehorse.
In Whitehorse only 8.4 % of the population is over 65, less than the national average. The median age is 38.1 years.
English is spoken by 84.3% of the population; 4.6% speak French only and 9.7% speak one of the non-official languages.
Whitehorse hosts a steady stream of festivals including The Frostbite Music Festival in February and the Adäka Cultural Festival in June which brings First Nations artists from across the Yukon along with a group of international artists to celebrate their creativity.
How cold or hot can it get in Whitehorse?
The record low temperature in Whitehorse was -52.2 °C set on January 31, 1947.
The record high temperature in Whitehorse was 34.4 °C set on June 14, 1969.
On the summer solstice the sun rises at 4:27 AM and sets at 23:36 AM. On the winter solstice the sun rises at 10:10 AM and sets at 3:48 PM.
Whitehorse is the driest city in Canada.
Every month but July on average sees snow.
On average there are 269 hours of bright sunshine in June but only 27 hours of bright sunshine in December.
The largest weathervane in the world is in Whitehorse. It’s a decommissioned DC-3 that sits atop a swivel stand at the airport.
Go to Whitehorse to see the Northern Lights. The best time is usually around midnight – between late August and April. Check out the Yukon Aurora Borealis forecasting website.
Whitehorse has three sister cities – Juneau, Alaska; Ushiku, Japan and Lancieux, France. Two were dumped – Castries, St. Lucia and Echuca, Australia – because it no longer exists.
The Miles Canyon with cliffs made of basalt and covered with strange lichen is a destination for hikers with a trail system in place. It also includes a suspension bridge over the Yukon River and it’s one of the places where you can watch the riverboat cruises.
The famous Yukon Quest – the toughest dogsledding race
The Yukon Quest is a 1,000 mile sled dog race that begins in Whitehorse on alternate years and ends in Fairbanks, Alaska. The event takes place every winter in February and typically runs from 10-16 days, until the last team crosses the line.
A climb to the top of Grey Mountain Lookout provides a panoramic view of the city.
Some of the sights worth a visit in Whitehorse include the Yukon Transportation Museum, the Yukon Wildlife Preserve, Black Mike’s Gold Mine and the SS Klondike II National Historic Site.
There are over 700 kilometres of mountain biking trails within the city of Whitehorse. In summer you can take the chairlift up Mount Sima, the local ski hill, and bike back down.
There are 85 kilometres of cross country ski trails five minutes from downtown. The trails are open 24 hours per day.
There is an interpretation centre at the Whitehorse Rapids Fishladder. Look for migrating chinook salmon through an underwater window. It’s also fun to check out the viewing platforms above the Yukon River.
Did you know that winter is an awesome time to visit Whitehorse? Here’s why.
More reading about the Yukon
- Mush like a Local: Dogsledding in the Yukon
- Canoeing the Yukon River to Whitehorse Over a Day
- A Hike to Grizzly Lake in the Tombstone Mountains
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